Choosing the perfect fabric for your clothing line is as important as any other aspect of creating apparel products. Fabrics give garments feel, comfort, and durability. Imagine a piece of cloth created from a low-quality material and convincing customers to buy that apparel item.

It will be hard to sell because of decreased quality, less durability, and no promising features. Therefore, this blog is all about the accurate selection of fabrics.

There is guidance present in this piece of text for you to understand the essentiality of materials and what to look for while deciding on ideal fabrics for your clothing needs.

Understanding the Term Fabric

Fabric is what manufacturers commonly use to make clothes. Fibers, thin and long threads knitted together, make fabrics. They fall into three categories: human-made, plant-derived, and animal-based. These fibers form the particular types of fabrics that are used to make quality apparel. Thus, if you understand a fiber, you will know about fabrics.

Moreover, if you wonder how to choose the right fabric, having an idea of what a fabric is, its types, and its functionality will help you make the decision.

Techniques to Choose The Fabrics

Buying fabrics can be a bit confusing due to the variety and quality testing. However, you can look for a few things to end your confusion and make the right decision when buying materials. Here are some simple techniques that you can use to choose the perfect materials for clothes.

1. Quality Check

The best way to test the quality of a fabric is to feel it against your skin. The quality of cotton, linen, polyester, or nylon is easily detectable if their feel is soft and comfortable. Other than that, see if the fabrics are blemish-free because blemishes add great imperfections and low durability to the clothes made out of such fabrics.

2. Fabric Weight Testing

The fabric weight is measured in grams per square meter (GSM), which can vary between 60 and 700. GSM tells if the fabric is light or heavy. You can measure the thickness of the material and identify the difference between light, medium, or heavy-weight material.

One important thing to know is that a higher fabric weight doesn’t always mean that it is of good quality. You need to check for its sustainability before relying on GSM’s value. Also, GSM measurements vary across different types of fabric. It means that every material can have a different value.

So, you need to have a better understanding of grams per square meter, or the right weight of the material.

3. Check The Fabric Grain

If the grain isn’t what it should be, it will cause major problems in the manufacturing of clothes. Thus, you need to eradicate the risk of the wrong grain in the fibers to avoid complications while searching for the source of fabrics for your clothing line.

4. Stretch Testing of Fabric

Checking the stretch capacity of a fabric is not difficult. All you need to do is take a ruler and stretch 5″ of fabric over it. Hold one end of the fabric at 0″ and stretch the other until the resistance begins. Lastly, divide the outcome by the original material’s length.

For instance, if your fabric can stretch up to 7.5, its stretch strength will be 2.5′′ past the original length. Your stretch result will be 50% stretch.

5. Shrinkage Testing

Check for the shrinkage flaw in the fabric when deciding the materials for your clothing brand. You can take some sliced pieces of the chosen fabric and wash them multiple times. If it loses its stretch, length, or quality, the fabric is not the one for you. Or, you can go for preshrunk fabric since it will not bother you. Such materials are labeled mercerized or sanforized.

Types of Fabrics

Different materials are used for different clothing types and serve a multitude of purposes. Starting a clothing line can motivate you to dig deeper into the diversity of materials and choose the ideal ones for your apparel products. Here are some types you can consider:

  • Cotton
  • Denim
  • Silk
  • Polyester 
  • Spandex (blends)
  • Rayon
  • Nylon
  • Wool
  • Linen
  • Flannel

There are many other “types of fabrics” that are beneficial in creating outstanding clothes.


Choosing a fabric for clothes in order to start a clothing business is very important. You can say that the whole business idea is based on the products’ quality, which comes from the finest materials. Therefore, you need to understand how to choose a fabric.

By following five simple steps, you will be able to crack the testing of any material before paying for it. Check the fabric’s quality by feeling its texture. Test the weight of the fabric, but don’t rely on one result since every fabric has a different GSM value.

Check for fabric grains. Look for reliable stretch ability in the fabric. Lastly, see if the materials are easily shrinkable or not. If yes, then don’t waste your money on that fabric.

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